This is a special guest blog post by Marci Miller of the Miller Advocacy Group in Newport Beach, California. We are sharing this piece as she offers a unique perspective on how the recent admissions scandal is affecting students with LDs.
I have gotten a lot of inquiries about how the latest college admissions scandal will impact disabled test-takers, and my response is always the same: I hope that it won’t. However, I know the reality is that the test accommodations fraud has already gotten more than its fair share of media attention and that disabled students may pay the price.
There have always been those out there who believe no matter what you tell them that “everyone” is fraudulently obtaining ACT or SAT accommodations. They now feel that they can point to the latest admissions scandal as proof that they were right all along. However, the facts in the case tell a different story.
There were multiple levels of cheating and bribery involved in the admissions scandal, only one of which involved standardized testing fraud. And there were at least four different levels to the alleged fraudulent impersonation of students with disabilities in order to obtain accommodations. This included hiring impersonators to take the ACT and SAT exams for students, making false disability claims, paying to have test responses changed after the exams were taken, and bribing proctors and supervisors. The massive scheme could not have been accomplished without the multiple layers of fraud.
Although accommodations fraud was one of the four types of test fraud alleged in the latest admissions scandal, the students involved did not obtain their desired scores through test accommodations alone. They ALL relied upon other means to obtain their scores such as hiring someone to test for them or to change their responses. In other words, EXTENDED TIME DID NOT MAGICALLY LEAD TO HIGH SCORES!
In the court documents, it does not appear as if it was always easy to falsely obtain test accommodations. One of the students described in court documents was denied accommodations twice and law enforcement had to step in to get him accommodations. ACT and College Board have both said in their official statements that they have been cooperating with law enforcement. In reality, school counselors are involved in the test accommodations process, and students generally need to have a history of school accommodations – a false doctor’s report would not generally suffice.
It seems clear that accommodations need to continue to be made available to students who deserve them. This scandal has shown that it is very difficult to obtain fraudulent accommodations. We do not need to change the entire system based on a few bad actors, as that would unfairly penalize students with legitimate LDs.
Of course, there will always be people whose minds are made up and they will not be persuaded by the facts. In this situation, there was bad behavior alleged that reflected poorly on many different groups of people including recruited athletes, students with disabilities, athletic coaches, parents, and college counselors. We can only hope that no group of people, including students with disabilities, is judged unfairly based upon the misguided actions of a few.